25 Necessary Details About Ladies's Historical past Month

It is 2023, and whereas many strides have been made for girls previously few a long time, there’s nonetheless an extended option to go. Inequality and sexism nonetheless exist in the USA (in addition to the remainder of the world). In a 2017 Pew Analysis Heart survey, four-in-ten girls (42%) mentioned they skilled gender discrimination at work. These prevailing inequities (along with the strives made by our heroes) are why it’s so necessary to have fun Ladies’s Historical past Month in March. It is a good time to learn up on Ladies’s Historical past Month details and historic girls, in addition to sharing inspiring quotes by and for girls. Cheering on these nonetheless preventing for and representing girls at this time is equally necessary, as a result of there’s nonetheless loads of work to be performed.

Along with March being Ladies’s Historical past Month, Worldwide Ladies’s Day is widely known globally on March 8. Many corporations schedule occasions to have fun the ladies at their organizations and their accomplishments. Others will take to social media platforms like LinkedIn, to share how grateful they’re for the ladies who paved the way in which ahead for his or her success. How will you honor the day? For those who want some inspiration, start with these details in regards to the evolution of ladies’s rights and the way girls’s contributions all through historical past are remembered and celebrated at this time.

1. The primary Ladies’s Historical past Day was held in 1909.

February 28, 1909 marked the primary Girl’s Historical past Day in New York Metropolis. It commemorated the one-year anniversary of the garment employees’ strikes when 15,000 girls marched via decrease Manhattan. From 1909 to 1910, immigrant girls who labored in garment factories held a strike to protest their working circumstances. Most of them have been teen ladies who labored 12-hour days. In a single manufacturing facility, Triangle Shirtwaist Firm, workers have been paid solely $15 per week. Historical past.com describes it as a “true sweatshop.” Younger girls labored in tight circumstances at stitching machines, and the factories’ homeowners did not preserve the manufacturing facility as much as security requirements. In 1911, the manufacturing facility burned down and 145 employees have been killed. It pushed lawmakers to lastly go laws meant to guard manufacturing facility employees.

Ladies’s suffrage group on the steps of the U.S. Capitol Constructing in Washington D.C., 1919.

Getty Photographs

2. The day turned Ladies’s Historical past Week in 1978.

An schooling process drive in Sonoma County, California kicked off Ladies’s Historical past Week in 1978 on March 8, Worldwide Ladies’s Day, in line with the Nationwide Ladies’s Historical past Alliance. They wished to attract consideration to the truth that girls’s historical past wasn’t actually included in Ok-12 college curriculums on the time.

3. In 1987, Ladies’s Historical past Month started.

Ladies’s organizations, together with the Nationwide Ladies’s Historical past Alliance, campaigned yearly to acknowledge Ladies’s Historical past Week. In 1980, President Jimmy Carter declared the week of March 8 Ladies’s Historical past Week throughout the nation. By 1986, 14 states had declared the whole month of March Ladies’s Historical past Month, in line with the Alliance. The next 12 months, in March of 1987, activists have been profitable: They lobbied Congress to declare March Ladies’s Historical past Month.

4. The president declares each March Ladies’s Historical past Month.

Since 1995, each president has issued a proclamation declaring March Ladies’s Historical past Month, normally with a press release about its significance.

5. Each Ladies’s Historical past Month has a theme.

The 2023 Ladies’s Historical past Month theme is Celebrating Ladies Who Inform Our Tales. This 12 months, the Nationwide Ladies’s Historical past Alliance “will encourage the popularity of ladies, previous and current, who’ve been energetic in all types of media and storytelling together with print, radio, TV, stage, display, blogs, podcasts, information, and social media.”

The 2020 theme was “Valiant Ladies of the Vote” and honored girls from the unique suffrage motion, in addition to girls who continued the wrestle within the twentieth and twenty first centuries, in recognition of the centennial of the nineteenth Modification. Because of the pandemic, this theme was prolonged into 2021 and renamed as: “Valiant Ladies of the Vote: Refusing to Be Silenced.” The 2022 theme was “Ladies Offering Therapeutic, Selling Hope.” This theme not solely honored the tireless work of caregivers and frontline employees in the course of the Covid-19 pandemic, but in addition girls of all backgrounds who’ve offered compassionate therapeutic and hope for the betterment of sufferers, pals, and household.

6. Wyoming Territory was the primary place to grant girls the fitting to vote.

By no means take it as a right which you can vote, women. The Wyoming Territorial legislature gave each girl the fitting to vote in 1869, in line with Historical past.com. They elected the nation’s first feminine governor, Nellie Tayloe Ross, in 1924.

women's history month facts national league of women voters present platform planks

Nationwide League of Ladies Voters current platform planks.

Getty Photographs

7. The nineteenth modification did not give all girls the fitting to vote.

The nineteenth modification, which granted girls the fitting to vote, was signed into legislation on August 26, 1920. However on the time, plenty of different legal guidelines prohibited Native American girls, Black girls, Asian American girls, and Latinx girls from voting, amongst others. It wasn’t till 1924 that Native girls born in the USA have been granted citizenship, permitting them to vote, in line with PBS.

8. It wasn’t till 1965 that all girls might legally vote.

Even after 1924, Native girls and different girls of colour have been prevented from voting by state legal guidelines akin to ballot taxes and literacy exams. It wasn’t till 1965, when President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Voting Rights Act into legislation, that discriminatory techniques akin to literacy exams have been outlawed, and all girls might vote.

women's history month facts claudette colvin

American Civil rights activist Claudette Colvin.

Getty Photographs

9. Claudette Colvin refused to surrender her bus seat 9 months earlier than Rosa Parks did.

Rosa Parks’ contributions to the Civil Rights Motion are plain. However 9 months earlier than she refused to surrender her seat on a bus for a white individual in Montgomery, Alabama, 15-year-old Claudette Colvin did the identical factor on the identical bus system. However Colvin is not widely known for her act. On March 2, 1955, the day she was arrested, she had been studying about Black historical past at her college. “My head was simply too stuffed with black historical past, you already know, the oppression that we went via,” she advised NPR in 2009. “It felt like Sojourner Fact was on one aspect pushing me down, and Harriet Tubman was on the opposite aspect of me pushing me down. I could not rise up.” She was one of many plaintiffs in Browder v. Gayle, the case that ended up overturning bus segregation legal guidelines in Montgomery.

10. Geraldyn “Jerrie” Cobb was the primary girl to go astronaut testing in 1961.

However she wasn’t allowed to journey to area resulting from her gender. She testified on Capitol Hill in 1962, saying, “We girls pilots who wish to be a part of the analysis and participation in area exploration will not be making an attempt to hitch a battle of the sexes,” in line with the New York Occasions. “We see, solely, a spot in our nation’s area future with out discrimination.”

Nevertheless, John Glenn, the primary American to orbit Earth, opposed her. He mentioned “it’s only a reality” that ladies do not do sure issues that males do, akin to go to battle and fly airplanes. “The truth that girls will not be on this discipline is a reality of our social order,” he mentioned.

11. About 20 years later, Sally Trip was the primary girl in area — and the primary homosexual astronaut.

Sally Trip turned the primary girl in area on June 18, 1983, when she flew on the area shuttle Challenger. It wasn’t till her loss of life that her obituary revealed she was homosexual; it referred to Tam O’Shaughnessy as her “companion of 27 years.”

12. Ladies could not get bank cards on their very own till 1974.

When you concentrate on it, that wasn’t even that way back, which is simply mind-blowing. Till Congress handed the Equal Credit score Alternative Act of 1974, girls could not get bank cards in their very own title. Usually, they needed to deliver a person alongside to cosign for them, in line with Smithsonian Journal. Authorized work performed by late Supreme Court docket Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg laid the inspiration for the Equal Credit score Alternative Act, in addition to many different primary rights girls have at this time, together with the power to attend state-funded faculties, safety from being pregnant discrimination at work, and the power to serve on juries, in line with USA At present.

women's history month facts us representative sharice davids

U.S. Consultant Sharice Davids (D-KS) talking on the Ignite Younger Ladies Run D.C. Convention in Washington, DC.

SOPA Photographs//Getty Photographs

13. Ladies make up 27 p.c of Congress.

One-hundred and forty-five girls serve in the USA Congress out of 535 whole members. Although the variety of girls representatives continues to rise, it is necessary to needless to say the USA inhabitants is 50.8 p.c feminine, in line with Census information.

14. Ladies outnumber males as they grow old.

Ladies age 85 and older outnumber males by about 2 to 1, in line with Census information from 2022. That is about 4.1 million girls to 2.2 million males in the USA.

15. Extra girls are incomes faculty levels than males.

Ladies are outnumbering males in incomes postsecondary levels. In keeping with 2021 information from the Schooling Knowledge Initiative, 59% of ladies continued their schooling after highschool, in comparison with 50% of males.

16. The gender pay hole nonetheless persists.

Regardless of the ever-growing variety of girls getting levels, the gender pay hole has narrowed by lower than half a cent per 12 months because the Equal Pay Act was signed in 1963, in line with Forbes. In 2020, girls earned 84% of what males earned, in line with a Pew Analysis Heart evaluation of each full- and part-time employees. The U.S. Census Bureau’s most up-to-date evaluation of solely full-time employees (2019) discovered that ladies earned 82% of what their male counterparts earned.

17. Ladies of colour are paid even much less.

Whereas girls are paid 82 cents for each greenback {that a} man makes, that hole widens much more for girls of colour, in line with 2020 information by the Nationwide Ladies’s Regulation Heart.

18. Moms are much less prone to be employed.

Analysis reveals that hiring managers are much less prone to rent moms than they’re girls with out kids. When they’re provided jobs, girls additionally face what is called the “motherhood penalty,” incomes much less cash after they turn into moms. Nevertheless, there may be proof of a “fatherhood bonus,” through which males who turn into fathers really earn extra.

19. Ladies make up 14 p.c of energetic responsibility navy members.

Ladies additionally make up 23% of officers within the Coast Guard. In January 2013, the U.S. authorities lifted its ban on girls serving in fight positions.

womens history month facts marie curie

Marie Skłodowska Curie (1867 – 1934) in her laboratory. She shared a Nobel Prize in Physics in 1903 along with her husband Pierre for his or her work in radioactivity. In 1911 she turned one of many few individuals to be awarded a second Nobel Prize, this time in chemistry for her discovery of polonium and radium.

Getty Photographs

20. Marie Curie was the primary girl to obtain two Nobel prizes.

Curie was a scientist whose analysis on radioactivity led her to find two new parts. She additionally researched the atom, and her findings have been integral in scientific developments associated to atomic bombs and drugs, in line with Scientific American. She was the primary girl to win a Nobel Prize, in addition to the primary individual and solely girl to win two Nobel Prizes. She gained the Nobel Prize in physics in 1903 and the Nobel Prize in chemistry in 1911.

21. Eleanor Roosevelt held all-woman press conferences.

The First Girl held the primary press convention for girls reporters on March 6, 1933. She would cowl points “of particular curiosity and worth to the ladies of the nation,” in line with the Nationwide Ladies’s Historical past Museum. Over the following 12 years she held 348 press conferences for girls reporters.

22. In 2021, 57.8 p.c of all girls participated within the labor drive.

And almost 1,000,000 girls returned to the workforce in 2021, in comparison with 666,000 males. In keeping with The nineteenth, 3.3 million of all the roles added to the financial system went to girls, whereas 3.1 million went to males. This, nevertheless, shouldn’t overlook the roles girls, specifically girls of colour, misplaced in the course of the pandemic when tasks akin to childcare typically fell on their shoulders.

23. Ladies now outnumber males within the college-educated labor drive.

In 2022, girls accounted for greater than half of the college-educated labor drive in the USA. Comprised of fifty.7% girls, they overtook males within the final 12 months, in line with Pew Analysis Heart.

24. Aretha Franklin was the primary girl inducted into the Rock & Roll Corridor of Fame.

Generally known as the “Queen of Soul,” Aretha Franklin was inducted into the Rock & Roll Corridor of Fame in 1987. She’s recognized for her rendition of Otis Redding’s “RESPECT,” and songs of her personal like “(You Make Me Really feel Like) A Pure Girl.” She was additionally concerned in civil rights activism, and carried out at President Barack Obama’s inauguration in 2009.

womens history month facts kamala harris

Vice President-elect Kamala Harris takes the stage earlier than President-elect Biden addresses the nation from the Chase Heart November 07, 2020 in Wilmington, Delaware.

Tasos Katopodis//Getty Photographs

25. Kamala Harris is the primary girl and girl of colour Vice President.

After profitable the 2020 presidential election with Joe Biden, Kamala Harris is making historical past as the primary girl, first Black girl, and first Asian American vice chairman in U.S. historical past.